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Statistics on Ethnicity in the Land of Papua, Indonesia

11 July 2016

Dear readers,

This is a just published paper on ethnicity in Indonesia, Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, 27 June 2016.  doi: 10.1002/app5.143.

Regards,

Aris

Abstract

This paper aims to quantitatively uncover ethnic diversity in multi-ethnic Land of Papua, an Indonesian region with a large inflow of migration and rising ethno-based movement, consisting of the Provinces of Papua and West Papua. It produces statistics on ethnic diversity in the Land of Papua, utilizing the tabulation provided by Statistics-Indonesia based on the raw, 100 per cent, data set of the 2010 population census. It uses three measurements of ethnic diversity. First is ethnic fractionalization index, showing the degree of ethnic heterogeneity. Second is ethnic polarization index, examining the existence of few relatively large ethnic groups of almost the samesizes.Third is a comparison of percentages between migrant and Papuan groups. It finds that the Land of Papua is ethnically very heterogeneous, but not polarized. West Papua is more heterogeneous, but Papua is more polarized. However, seen from a dichotomy between migrants and Papuans, West Papua is very polarized. In-migration may have increased the probability of having ethnic conflicts in the region but does not change the probability of the intensity of the conflicts. Therefore, ethnic conflicts should be anticipated whenever making programmes that involve in-migrants or entice people to migrate into the Land of Papua.

 

Dowload here for the full paper of Statistics on Ethnicity in the Land of Papua.

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Filed under: Demography, English, Ethnic Diversity, Indonesia, Statistics, , , ,

New Publication on Ageing

Dear Readers,

We have just published “The Past Three Population Censuses: A Deepening Ageing Population in Indonesia”. In Contemporary Demographic Transformation in China, India and Indonesia. Edited by Christophe Z. Guilmoto and Gavin W. Jones.  New York: Springer, 2016.

About the Chapter

This chapter highlights a deepening ageing population in Indonesia between 1990 and 2010, a period witnessing a political change from an authoritarian regime to a democratizing one. This transition brought a drastic shift in population policy, with a much weaker family planning programmes than during the authoritarian regime. Our assessment from the latest 2010 census suggests that the proportion of population aged 60 year and above was 7.6 percent in 2010, rising from 6.3 per cent in 1990; while the number increased to 18.0 million from 11.3 million. The growth rate of older persons for this period is well above the rate of the general population, 4.7 percent vs 2.9 percent annually.

This chapter also shows a large variation in the age structure of the sub-national population. The structure at the national level remains heavily affected by changes in fertility and mortality only. However, changes at sub-national levels, particularly district level, have also been determined by migration.

The latest census also depicts a significant improvement in educational attainment of older persons, as those without schooling decreased to 31.6 percent from 58.5 percent in 1990. At the same period, participation of the elderly in the labour market rose from 48.1 percent to 51.2 percent in the same period. Furthermore, working as self-employed in the agricultural sector remains to be the main source of financial well-being for the older persons.

Filed under: ageing, Demography, English, Uncategorized, , , , , ,

Artikel Gratis mengenai Kependudukan

 

Para pengunjung Mletiko,

 

Untuk anda yang berminat di bidang kependudukan, terlampir  artikel gratis mengenai kependudukan dari Asian Population Studies. Tulisan yang layak dibaca.

10 Artikel Gratis dari Asian Population Studies

 

Salam,

 

Aris

 

Filed under: Bahasa Indonesia, Demography, English, migration, ,

Migration, ageing, and economic development in Indonesia

Aris Ananta and Evi Nurvidya Arifin

Relationships among migration, ageing, and economic development have attracted researchers to this area. In this paper we examine a number of possible relationships among these three variables, using the aggregate data at the district level in Indonesia. A simultaneous equation model is employed to find out the causality of the relationships among ageing, in-migration, and development in Indonesia. Our study shows that there is one way, rather than two-way relationships among the three endogenous variables. First, higher economic development seems to have attracted in-migration, and not vice versa. Second, fertility has the most important effect on ageing process. On the other hand, we did not find that the old population structure of a district might have attracted in-migration. Third, ageing population might be a burden for economic development, when we do not include contribution from oil and gas.

See paper here.

Filed under: ageing, economy, English, migration, , , ,

Demographic Changes and International Labor Mobility in Indonesia

Demographic Changes and International Labor Mobility in Indonesia

By Aris Ananta and Evi Nurvidya Arifin

This paper aims to contribute a better understanding on the demographic and mobility transitions in Indonesia. It describes the relatively fast demographic transition and the accompanying change in migration pattern in Indonesia, a multiethnic and multi-religious country. The discussion on mobility transition includes both internal and international migration. The discussion on the stages of the demographic transition is not limited to the “first demographic transition”, but also included the “second demographic transition”. The first transition is completed when the population reaches replacement level of fertility, usually with TFR (total fertility rate) about 2.2. Van de Kaa (1987) coined the terms “second demographic transition” when the population is already below replacement level of fertility, with TFR lower than 2.2 per woman and IMR (infant mortality rate) less than 30 per 1000 live births. The shift to the second demographic transition indicates a shift from the dominant role of community to that of individual behaviour and decision.

Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: English, internal migration, international migration, migration, publications, , , ,



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