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Population Dynamics and Environmental Sustainability

Aris   Ananta

5  April  2013

 

Concluding Remarks

The environmental impact of population dynamics is not only from the number of population, but also, and more importantly,  from quality of the population,  per capita consumption, and technology (including behaviour). If we insist to reduce the negative environmental impact of the number of population, then we should concentrate on the reduction of the number of population among those with the highest per capita consumption. Should we promote further reduction in fertility among those who do not have environmentally friendly consumption?

Otherwise, we can also change their behaviour. If their consumption is not environmentally friendly, then they should be the first target to change their behaviour.  This change in behaviour will motivate business to produce environmentally friendly goods and services. Then a continuing large number of population with rising human capital will become an important asset for the creation of environmental sustainability.

Family planning programmes should be strengthened with right-based approach, rather than as a means to speed up fertility decline and, then reduction in population growth rate.

Finally, to make an effective development programme, demographic information will help policy makers to know  the future number and sex-age-education  composition as well as spatial distribution of the people. Population is both the consumers and producers in development programmes (including those on environmental sustainability) and we therefore  should know their size, age-sex-education composition, spatial distribution and how they change over time.

 

To read the full note, please read Population Dynamics and Environmental Sustainability

 

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Filed under: ageing, Demography, economy, English, statistics, , , , , , ,

Green Economy and Business

26 March 2013

Dear readers,

Attached is my powerpoint presented at International Conference on  Green World in Business and Technology. Yogyakarta, Ahmad Dahlan University, 23  March 2013.  Click Green Economy and Business

Some main points:

1. We need capitalists with heart  to create a sustainable environment

2. Green business is a promising, lucrative business

3. Green business needs innovation, creativity, passion and love

4. Passion and love are needed to produce justice

5. Green business can be done by both large enterprises and medium/ small enterprises.

 

I hope the powerpoint is useful for you, to help creating sustainable environment.

 

Best regards,

Aris Ananta

 

 

 

Filed under: economy, English, poverty, Uncategorized, , , , , ,

UN’s Revolution on Measuring Development

2 February 2012

Dear friends,

Good news. UN has started a great and important step to revise the measurement of development.  They will conduct a high-level forum on “Measuring the Unmeasurable: Challenge the Limits of Official Statistics” on 27 February 2012.

The following is a sample of the news, interviewing Porf. Paul Cheong, the UN’s statistician who leads the revolution in measuring development.

 “In order to remain relevant in a rapidly changing world, the statistical community has to continuously examine and push its own boundaries. Phenomena, which are not easily measurable today, may become important tomorrow, so we have to be prepared. In the past years it has become customary to explore ‘cutting edge’ issues in the format of a ‘high level forum’, which allows brainstorming and free-flowing exchange. In these discussions, we have to balance the desire to explore new ideas which may require new measurement tools and the need to preserve the credibility and reputation of official statistics.

This year’s event will focus on issues such as the measurement of happiness, well-being and ecosystem services and other difficult concepts. These are complicated topics with no clear measurement yardsticks. How to take the complex interaction between the environment and the economy into account and how to capture the level of well being in a country, which may include a high degree of subjectivity, will be discussed among the chief statisticians of the world.”

Related articles:

Your better life index
The Statistical Revolution is Finally Here

Filed under: economy, English, statistics, , , , , , ,

Impact of Environmental Degradation on Upland Poverty: the case of South Kalimantan (Indonesia) and Sarawak (Malaysia)

Aris  Ananta

The poor have often been blamed for environmental degradation, as being poor has caused them to destroy the environment. However, this study concludes that  poverty is not the sufficient condition of the environmental degradation. It is only the necessary condition.  The sufficient condition is the existence of a third party (big companies) that destroys the environment. The  poor join the big companies because they see an opportunity to sustain their livelihood or even increase their income.

We recommend three policies to be implemented simultaneously, in addition to the full enforcement of the laws against environmental degradation. First is to create alternative employment opportunities for the local people so that they do not  depend on activities which are harmful to their own environment.  However, the people, including those from outside their area, may continue contributing to the environmental degradation. The  people may not be able  to resist joining the big companies in the environmentally harmful activities  as long as their own income  will rise. We cannot expect them to have a long vision.

Therefore, we need the second policy, that is to create employment opportunities which heavily depend on the bio-diversity of the environment. By doing so, it is for the interest of the local people to protect and enhance their environment. They will protest  and resist companies and developmental projects which destroy their  environment.

However, such a policy may not work well if those multi-national companies offer incentives and other forms of compensation (“bribery”) to  the local people. Thus, we need the third policy, that is to enlist all goods produced by companies which destroy the environment. The list of the goods is then published and disseminated  to   all over the world, through credible sources such as international websites. The consumers have the right to know whether the goods and services they consume are harmful to the environment and/or are produced using environmentally harmful activities. The strong campaign to increase the consumers’ awareness  will greatly reduce the demand for such products and consequently reduce profit of the companies.  The decline in the profit will reduce the companies’ motivation to destroy the environment.

Read the full paper in ImpactofEnvironmentalDegradationonPoverty

Related article

Trade off between Environmental and Developmental Goals

Filed under: economy, English, environment, publications, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

TRADE OFF BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL GOALS?

Aris  Ananta

For  Mletiko, 22 December  2010

It is very encouraging to hear that the Indonesia’s Minister of Trade, Mari Pengestu, has urged the palm oil industrialists to do their business without sacrificing the environment. The minister asked the industrialists, who just convened in Bali, Indonesia, to improve the international image of Indonesia. Until now, Indonesia has been accused of sacrificing its environments for its economic growth, including the growth of the palm-oil industries.

Sadly,  some participants of the conference  believed that there were two opposing groups. One is the government of Indonesia, who was concerned with social and economic development. Another group comprises the  NGOs who  were interested on environment.  This dichotomy may have led to a perception that the government of Indonesia did not care about environmental goals, while the NGOs did not pay attention to social and economic development issues.

We also heard   statements implying that  though the industries have been harmful to the environments, they have contributed a lot to economic growth, social development, and employment creation.   They also argued that  Indonesia is a still a low-income country. Indonesia  needs to grow and therefore, Indonesia should be allowed to destroy its environment for the benefit of growth. They implicitly said that the “benefit” from the industries can compensate the suffering of the people from the environmental degradation. They  do not know that the poor usually suffers the most from environmental degradation, though in the short term the poor may seem to enjoy the destruction of the environment. This is similar to the arguments used by cigarette industries to defend their businesses. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: economy, English, environment, , , , , , , , , ,

THE STATISTICAL REVOLUTION IS FINALLY HERE

Aris  Ananta

For The Jakarta Globe, 2 December  2010

World elites have gathered in Cancun, Mexico, to discuss solutions to the accumulating problems of rapid climate change. Some are pessimistic that this round of talks will result in concrete binding agreements. However, I see light in this gathering of world political power because of some important changes in, of all things, the world of statistical measurement. The influential World Bank has begun a revolution in the development paradigm by changing the way development is measured.

This is not only a statistical improvement, but a radical reorientation that overhauls not just the metrics but the way development is seen in mainstream economics with potentially far-reaching consequences. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: economy, English, statistics, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

THE THINKER: WHERE THERE’S SMOKE

Aris   Ananta

The Jakarta Globe, 26 October  2010

 

Indonesia is again feeling the heat for being unable to stop forest fire haze over the Malacca Strait, this time originating from slash-and-burn farming in Riau province. Many solutions have been offered to extinguish the fires, but very little has been done to probe its root causes.
 
The most salient question is just why people continue to burn their own forest. Or in broader terms: Why do our citizens ignore the destruction of their own environments?

Filed under: economy, English, poverty, , , , , , ,



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