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Employment Patterns of Older Women in Indonesia

Just Published. Written by Aris Ananta.

Dear readers,

This is a chapter in a recently published book Gender and Ageing. Southeast Asian Perspectives by Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. The following is the introduction and conclusion of the chapter. Employment Patterns of Older Women in Indonesia

More about the book can be referred to Publication Unit.

Best regards,

Aris

Filed under: ageing, Demography, economy, poverty, , , , ,

Will Indonesia have a non-Javanese President?

Evi Nurvidya Arifin

Opinion Asia, 20 February 2010

Indonesia has been in transition in more ways than one. For over a decade, it has undergone social, economic and political transformation, portending tremendous change in the country. The island of Java and Javanese have played and will continue to play a pivotal role in this transition. Demographically, the Javanese represent the majority ethnic group comprising about 42% or 99 million out of Indonesia’s 230 million population. By any stretch, this is a huge number.

The Javanese Diaspora through Jakarta’s transmigration policy has provided a framework to understand the Indonesian geopolitical landscape. The transmigration policy of yesteryears was promoted to improve the national poverty profile by sending Javanese Indonesians to outlying islands thus giving them more land to improve their livelihood. The famous Javanese saying Mangan ora mangan pokoke kumpul (literally: eating or not, the most important thing is being together) is thus just a myth as the Javanese are spread throughout Indonesia’s 17,000 islands. In the neighbouring countries of Singapore and Malaysia, the Javanese comprise a significant portion of their Malay population.

From a cultural-political perspective, transmigration has been interpreted by Indonesians outside Java as a process of “Javanization”, Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: English, migration, , , , , , , , ,

Widjojo Nitisastro and changes to development paradigms

The Jakarta Post
Sunday, January 31, 2010

Aris Ananta, Contributor, Jakarta

Widjojo Nitisastro is a humble man, not well known outside his circle. However, quietly, he made a very important contribution to the Indonesian economy, as the main architect of the Indonesian economy at the beginning of the New Order in 1966.

A book of his notes, Pengalaman Pembangunan Indonesia. Kumpulan Tulisan dan Uraian Widjojo Nitisastro (Indonesian Development Experiences. A Collection of Writing and Notes of Widjojo Nitisastro), was launched in Jakarta on Jan. 14.

Times change, and so do issues and challenges. In turn, paradigms must change too. History shows that crises often force us to adopt paradigm changes. Unfortunately, not all crises result in paradigm changes. Without paradigm changes, deeper and longer crises may occur. This phenomenon is also observed in the history of economic ideas. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: economy, English, publications, , , , , , , , ,

Demographic Changes and International Labor Mobility in Indonesia

Demographic Changes and International Labor Mobility in Indonesia

By Aris Ananta and Evi Nurvidya Arifin

This paper aims to contribute a better understanding on the demographic and mobility transitions in Indonesia. It describes the relatively fast demographic transition and the accompanying change in migration pattern in Indonesia, a multiethnic and multi-religious country. The discussion on mobility transition includes both internal and international migration. The discussion on the stages of the demographic transition is not limited to the “first demographic transition”, but also included the “second demographic transition”. The first transition is completed when the population reaches replacement level of fertility, usually with TFR (total fertility rate) about 2.2. Van de Kaa (1987) coined the terms “second demographic transition” when the population is already below replacement level of fertility, with TFR lower than 2.2 per woman and IMR (infant mortality rate) less than 30 per 1000 live births. The shift to the second demographic transition indicates a shift from the dominant role of community to that of individual behaviour and decision.

Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: English, internal migration, international migration, migration, publications, , , ,



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