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Mencari Orang Miskin: Bukan Tugas BPS

Aris Ananta

Mletiko, 2 September 2014

Beberapa tahun terakhir ini BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik) juga mendapatkan tugas untuk mencari siapa yang miskin, untuk dapat menentukan siapa yang berhak mendapatkan bantuan sosial. Artinya, BPS telah mencari informasi mengenai individu yang miskin. Dan data ini diberikan ke pemerintah untuk kepentingan pemerintah, dalam hal ini program kemiskinan.

Tugas ini sebenarnya bertentangan dengan asas “kerahasiaan” (confidentiality) dari semua survey/ sensus yang dilakukan oleh BPS dan semua lembaga survey lain. Kalau responden tidak percaya pada “kerahasiaan”, informasi di survey/ sensus dapat dipertanyakan. Kalau responden tahu bahwa data individu mereka dapat diketahui orang lain, termasuk pemerintah, mereka dapat tidak mau memberikan informasi yang sebenarnya.

Dalam tiap survey/ sensus, semua data individu diberi kode, sehingga pengguna tidak pernah tahu apa pun mengenai seorang responden. Pengguna tidak akan dapat mengetahui apakah tetangganya miskin atau tidak, atau tetangganya berpendidikan apa, dari data survey/ sensus yang hanya memakai kode untuk menandai responden. Petugas survey/ sensus juga wajib merahasiakan informasi mengenai kode tersebut, seperti seorang dokter yang tidak boleh menceriterakan penyakit pasiennya ke orang lain.
Seyogyanya, pemerintah yang baru jangan menugaskan BPS untuk mencari orang miskin. Biarkan BPS melakukan survey/ sensus yang benar, yang menjaga kerahasiaan, yang rahasia kodenya tak dapat diakses oleh siapa pun, termasuk presiden, menteri, hakim, anggota DPR, wartawan, dan peneliti. Dengan demikian, responden akan berani menjawab dengan jujur, dan kejujuran responden ini akan meningkatkan mutu data statistik kita. Akibatnya, kita akan dapat memperoleh potret Indonesia yang lebih baik.

Baca juga (*)

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Filed under: Bahasa Indonesia, poverty, statistics, , , ,

Employment Patterns of Older Women in Indonesia

Just Published. Written by Aris Ananta.

Dear readers,

This is a chapter in a recently published book Gender and Ageing. Southeast Asian Perspectives by Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. The following is the introduction and conclusion of the chapter. Employment Patterns of Older Women in Indonesia

More about the book can be referred to Publication Unit.

Best regards,

Aris

Filed under: ageing, Demography, economy, poverty, , , , ,

Untuk Tim Transisi. Badan Pusat Statistik

Badan Pusat Statistik: Suatu Tonggak Informasi Independen

Aris Ananta
Mletiko, 13 September 2014

Saya kaget mendengar usul bahwa BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik) akan digabung dengan Kementerian Dalam Negeri dan Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia. Alasannya, ketiga lembaga ini mempunyai misi yang sama. Menurut usulan ini, ketiga lembaga ini perlu digabung untuk menghemat biaya. Semoga apa yang saya dengar ini salah, dan BPS tetap independen seperti sekarang, langsung di bawah presiden. Misi BPS tidak sama dengan Misi Kementerian Dalam Negeri dan Misi Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia.

Tugas BPS membantu seluruh penduduk Indonesia untuk dapat memahami keadaan mengenai Indonesia dengan benar, bukan sebagai alat pemerintah. BPS harus independen dari intervensi dan kepentingan pemerintah. Informasi yang dikumpulkan dan dikeluarkan oleh BPS harus independen, mencerminkan kondisi masyarakat yang sebenarnya, entah baik atau buruk untuk pemerintah. Independensi merupakan salah satu syarat penting yang harus dilakukan oleh BPS.

Syarat kedua, yang tidak kalah pentingnya, untuk mendapatkan informasi yang baik adalah “kerahasiaan” (confidentiality) responden. BPS harus dapat menjamin kerahasiaan data. Pemerintah atau kementerian apa pun harus menghargai prinsip kerahasiaan ini. Tak seorang pun mempunyai hak untuk mengetahui informasi individu seorang responden. Misalnya, BPS dapat menghitung berapa persen penduduk miskin di suatu kabupaten. Tetapi, BPS tidak boleh mengungkapkan bahwa si Didi adalah orang miskin, dan si Dadu orang kaya. Oleh sebab itu, data BPS tidak boleh digunakan untuk menentukan nama nama yang perlu bantuan kemiskinan, karena hal ini melanggar prinsip kerahasiaan. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Bahasa Indonesia, Demography, economy, poverty, statistics, , , , ,

Unsustainable Development Trap

Aris Ananta

Mletiko, 9 September 2014

The UN has declared “The Future We Want” as sustainable development, rather than a growth oriented development.

If we follow the UN concept of “The Future We Want”, we need evaluate some economic concepts we often heard today. One of them is poverty trap or middle income development trap. Indonesia is often feared to fall into a middle-income development trap, being as a middle-income country for a very long time. However, this concept is very growth oriented. It needs to be evaluated to suit the UN’s concept of “The Future We Want”.

Therefore, we need to introduce the concept on “unsustainable development trap”, rather than poverty trap or middle-income development trap. Conceptually, country or a community is “trapped” in unsustainable development when it cannot escape from a situation of continuously destroying its own environment. When members of a community cut trees from their close-by forest, the forest may suffer and eventually harm the community itself. When the cutting of the trees is still minimum, the forest can recover the trees. But when the cutting become more extensive and intensive, the forest lost its ability to recover the trees. The community suffers. Then, it seeks other forest or natural resources to destroy. It is ironic, that people destroy their own resources simply to survive. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: economy, English, poverty, statistics, , , ,

Three Demographic Trends in Indonesia

Evi Nurvidya Arifin

Aris Ananta

 

This article discusses three mega-demographic trends in Indonesia, which have and will have important social, economic, and political implications. Any development planning needs to seriously consider these trends, namely, an ever-growing population, an emerging rapidly aging population, and emerging highly mobile Indonesians within the country and migrating out from the country.

This article was published in  Social Development Issues. Alternative Approaches to Global Human Needs. Volume 35, 2013, Number 3.

Attached is file containing the introduction, outline, and conclusion of the Three Mega-Demographic Trends in Indonesia.  (*)

Filed under: ageing, Demography, economy, English, environment, international migration, migration, poverty, statistics,

A New Tripple-Win Option for the Environment of the Poor

 

Mletiko, 30 November 2013

This is the title of Chapter 1 of the just published edited book The Environment of the Poor in Southeast Asia, East Asia, and the Pacific. The editors (Aris Ananta, Armin Bauer, and Myo Thant) concluded that there is no trade-off between poverty reduction, improving the quality of the environment, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. They argued that it is possible to have a triple-win option, to simultaneously reduce poverty and inequality, improving the quality of environment, and mitigating as well adapting to climate change.

To make this option implemented successfully, policy makers need to go beyond conventional growth-oriented economic development models. Policy makers should make a broader set of development indicators. This set of indicator should include reduction of poverty and inequality, improvement in the quality of environment, and better mitigation as well as adaption to climate change.

Policy makers should have strong and far-sighted public policies. Simultaneously, private sectors should be encouraged to invest in environmently friendly businesses.

The book provides empirical evidence and observations from sixteen case studies in Southeast and East Asia, and the Pacific. It argues that a spatial approach focussing on the environments in which the poor and vulnerable live would trigger changes for development policies and implementation that better balance environment and social concerns. The post-2015 development agenda should bring the environment and poverty agenda closer. (*)

This book emerged from a cooperation of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) with the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) in partnership with experts from research institutes and think-tanks in the Asian region.

Filed under: economy, English, poverty, , , , , , , ,

Green Economy and Business

26 March 2013

Dear readers,

Attached is my powerpoint presented at International Conference on  Green World in Business and Technology. Yogyakarta, Ahmad Dahlan University, 23  March 2013.  Click Green Economy and Business

Some main points:

1. We need capitalists with heart  to create a sustainable environment

2. Green business is a promising, lucrative business

3. Green business needs innovation, creativity, passion and love

4. Passion and love are needed to produce justice

5. Green business can be done by both large enterprises and medium/ small enterprises.

 

I hope the powerpoint is useful for you, to help creating sustainable environment.

 

Best regards,

Aris Ananta

 

 

 

Filed under: economy, English, poverty, Uncategorized, , , , , ,



This site contains the writings of Aris Ananta & Evi Nurvidya Arifin. Click here to find out more about them.

We are researchers in the field of demography, social and economic statistics, and economics, focusing on Indonesia and Southeast Asia. Click here to find out more about OUR PUBLICATION .<br

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