Percikan pikiran seorang ekonom.

Toward Energy, Food, Water, and Air Securities in CLMV

Aris Ananta
Evi Nurvidya Arifin

Mletiko, 6 April 2014

This is a powerpoint presentation on how to create securities in energy, food, water, and air in CLMV (Cambodia, Lao, Myanmar, and Vietnam). Without energy, people cannot modernize their economy. However, without energy, people will still be alive, and healthy, if there is a sufficient amount of healthy food. Therefore it is very important to secure food security. Nevertheless, without food, people can survive for several weeks if not months, if people can still drink safe clean water. Thus, it is very urgent to have security in safe clean water. Furthermore, without safe clean water people may survive for several days or weeks if the air they breath is clean and of high quality. In other words, it is very crucial to guarantee the security of clean and high quality air. Finally, without clean air, people will die in a very short time, perhaps only two minutes. Having security in clean air is fundamental in our life.

The discussion is put in the context of social, economic, and environmental sustainable development — following the UN’s resolution on “The Future We Want”. This sustainable development is people centred and inclusive, regardless of age and gender. Justice is another important point in sustainable development.

It also discusses two extreme approaches to security of natural resources: free trade and self-sufficiency. Usually, no country follows either one, but a combination of both.

It provides some statistics on natural resources in CLMV in comparison with those in other ASEAN countries.

This powerpoint also shows how demographic data can help creating securities of energy, food, water, and air, by seeing population as a market and production base. By understanding population dynamics, we can help creating people’s sustainable behaviour. This behaviour should become a trendy and “cool” behaviour.

Attached is the SecurityinEnergyFoodWaterAir.***


Filed under: Demography, economy, environment, , , , , , , , , ,

Three Demographic Trends in Indonesia

Evi Nurvidya Arifin

Aris Ananta


This article discusses three mega-demographic trends in Indonesia, which have and will have important social, economic, and political implications. Any development planning needs to seriously consider these trends, namely, an ever-growing population, an emerging rapidly aging population, and emerging highly mobile Indonesians within the country and migrating out from the country.

This article was published in  Social Development Issues. Alternative Approaches to Global Human Needs. Volume 35, 2013, Number 3.

Attached is file containing the introduction, outline, and conclusion of the Three Mega-Demographic Trends in Indonesia.  (*)

Filed under: ageing, Demography, economy, English, environment, international migration, migration, poverty, statistics,

The Poverty Impact of Climate Change

10 March 2011

Dear Readers,

Here is a new, interesting article on the impact of climate change on poverty, published by the World Bank.

Best regards,


Filed under: economy, environment, poverty, , ,

Impact of Environmental Degradation on Upland Poverty: the case of South Kalimantan (Indonesia) and Sarawak (Malaysia)

Aris  Ananta

The poor have often been blamed for environmental degradation, as being poor has caused them to destroy the environment. However, this study concludes that  poverty is not the sufficient condition of the environmental degradation. It is only the necessary condition.  The sufficient condition is the existence of a third party (big companies) that destroys the environment. The  poor join the big companies because they see an opportunity to sustain their livelihood or even increase their income.

We recommend three policies to be implemented simultaneously, in addition to the full enforcement of the laws against environmental degradation. First is to create alternative employment opportunities for the local people so that they do not  depend on activities which are harmful to their own environment.  However, the people, including those from outside their area, may continue contributing to the environmental degradation. The  people may not be able  to resist joining the big companies in the environmentally harmful activities  as long as their own income  will rise. We cannot expect them to have a long vision.

Therefore, we need the second policy, that is to create employment opportunities which heavily depend on the bio-diversity of the environment. By doing so, it is for the interest of the local people to protect and enhance their environment. They will protest  and resist companies and developmental projects which destroy their  environment.

However, such a policy may not work well if those multi-national companies offer incentives and other forms of compensation (“bribery”) to  the local people. Thus, we need the third policy, that is to enlist all goods produced by companies which destroy the environment. The list of the goods is then published and disseminated  to   all over the world, through credible sources such as international websites. The consumers have the right to know whether the goods and services they consume are harmful to the environment and/or are produced using environmentally harmful activities. The strong campaign to increase the consumers’ awareness  will greatly reduce the demand for such products and consequently reduce profit of the companies.  The decline in the profit will reduce the companies’ motivation to destroy the environment.

Read the full paper in ImpactofEnvironmentalDegradationonPoverty

Related article

Trade off between Environmental and Developmental Goals

Filed under: economy, English, environment, publications, , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Aris  Ananta

For  Mletiko, 22 December  2010

It is very encouraging to hear that the Indonesia’s Minister of Trade, Mari Pengestu, has urged the palm oil industrialists to do their business without sacrificing the environment. The minister asked the industrialists, who just convened in Bali, Indonesia, to improve the international image of Indonesia. Until now, Indonesia has been accused of sacrificing its environments for its economic growth, including the growth of the palm-oil industries.

Sadly,  some participants of the conference  believed that there were two opposing groups. One is the government of Indonesia, who was concerned with social and economic development. Another group comprises the  NGOs who  were interested on environment.  This dichotomy may have led to a perception that the government of Indonesia did not care about environmental goals, while the NGOs did not pay attention to social and economic development issues.

We also heard   statements implying that  though the industries have been harmful to the environments, they have contributed a lot to economic growth, social development, and employment creation.   They also argued that  Indonesia is a still a low-income country. Indonesia  needs to grow and therefore, Indonesia should be allowed to destroy its environment for the benefit of growth. They implicitly said that the “benefit” from the industries can compensate the suffering of the people from the environmental degradation. They  do not know that the poor usually suffers the most from environmental degradation, though in the short term the poor may seem to enjoy the destruction of the environment. This is similar to the arguments used by cigarette industries to defend their businesses. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: economy, English, environment, , , , , , , , , ,



Belum lama ini seorang kawan, yang bukan seorang ekonom,  meminta saya untuk menulis mengenai ekonomi kerakyatan. Saya kemudian mengundang teman ini untuk mampir ke mletiko, karena semua tulisan saya sebenarnya bertumpu pada ekonomi kerakyatan, bukan pada ekonomi arus-utama. Walau begitu saya tidak pernah memakai istilah ekonomi kerakyatan. Saya lebih mengacu pada pembangunan yang bertumpukan tiga pilar utama, yang sama pentingnya: people centre development, environmentally friendly development, dan good governance.

Namun, saya kemudian menyadari bahwa tak satu pun tulisan saya di mletiko yang membahas paradigma ini secara utuh. Saya kemudian ingat tulisan saya di Radar Banjarmasin, pada tanggal 12 Maret 2008. Isi makalah ini saya sampaikan dalam suatu seminar di Banjarmasin yang diselenggarakan oleh Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Lambung Mangkurat pada tanggal yang sama.

Tulisan tersebut dapat dibaca di  WacanaParadigmaPembangunan

Semoga tulisan ini  dapat menggugah kita semua untuk mempertajam wacana ini.

Filed under: Bahasa Indonesia, economy, environment, , , , , , , ,


Aris  Ananta

Untuk SEPUTAR  INDONESIA, 10 Desember 2010

Siapa yang harus bertanggung jawab atas terjadinya perubahan iklim? Siapa yang bertanggung jawab pada peningkatan emisi karbon? Siapa penghasil emisi terbanyak?
Itulah pertanyaan yang akan dijawab dalam United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) yang berlangsung di Cancun,Meksiko, sejak 29 November hingga 10 Desember 2010. Ini bukan pertanyaan baru, tapi pertanyaan lama yang tidak kunjung terjawab. Perdebatannya selalu berkisar siapa yang mau mengurangi emisi karbon. Masalahnya, selama ini terdapat asumsi bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi merupakan tujuan utama pembangunan. Kemudian pertumbuhan ekonomi selalu menghasilkan emisi karbon yang merusak iklim di seluruh dunia. Dengan asumsi ini, mengurangi emisi karbon berarti mengurangi pertumbuhan ekonomi.

Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Bahasa Indonesia, Demography, environment, , , , , , ,

This site contains the writings of Aris Ananta & Evi Nurvidya Arifin. Click here to find out more about them.

We are researchers in the field of demography, social and economic statistics, and economics, focusing on Indonesia and Southeast Asia. Click here to find out more about OUR PUBLICATION .<br

Our research interest is the intersection of:




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