Mletiko, 30 November 2013
This is the title of Chapter 1 of the just published edited book The Environment of the Poor in Southeast Asia, East Asia, and the Pacific. The editors (Aris Ananta, Armin Bauer, and Myo Thant) concluded that there is no trade-off between poverty reduction, improving the quality of the environment, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. They argued that it is possible to have a triple-win option, to simultaneously reduce poverty and inequality, improving the quality of environment, and mitigating as well adapting to climate change.
To make this option implemented successfully, policy makers need to go beyond conventional growth-oriented economic development models. Policy makers should make a broader set of development indicators. This set of indicator should include reduction of poverty and inequality, improvement in the quality of environment, and better mitigation as well as adaption to climate change.
Policy makers should have strong and far-sighted public policies. Simultaneously, private sectors should be encouraged to invest in environmently friendly businesses.
The book provides empirical evidence and observations from sixteen case studies in Southeast and East Asia, and the Pacific. It argues that a spatial approach focussing on the environments in which the poor and vulnerable live would trigger changes for development policies and implementation that better balance environment and social concerns. The post-2015 development agenda should bring the environment and poverty agenda closer. (*)
This book emerged from a cooperation of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) with the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) in partnership with experts from research institutes and think-tanks in the Asian region.