Percikan pikiran seorang ekonom.


“mletiko” comes from the verb “mletik”, a Javanese word that means something close to “sparkle”. Mletik, however, is a very brief spark just like when we ignite a match. If it is not caught immediately, it will die.

Mletiko then means to mletik – to spark ideas. I hope this blog can mletik everybody who reads it. Yet, readers must be cautioned. To mletik will not necessarily make us happy. When we mletik, we catch fire and with this light we may see the surrounding a little better. However, a better understanding of our surrounding may make us frustrated and angry. It really depends on how we perceive pe-mletik-an.

A good English synonym for pemletikan is enlightenment. I would say, however, that enlightenment is deeper than pemletikan. Enlightenment is more spiritual, but here, in this blog, it is simply an intellectual process.

I love economic analyses, tools to choose whenever we have scarcity. The issues are not necessarily related to “money”. I may cover “cultural” and “political” issues. I am also a demographer, working with statistics on population dynamics as well as its wide social, economic, and political determinants and implications. Southeast Asia, particularly Indonesia, is my main research interest.

Selamat Mletik, Happy Mletik.

Aris Ananta (

Filed under: Uncategorized,

Merokoklah, Demi Pertumbuhan Ekonomi

Pembaca yang budiman,

Merokoklah terus. Sakit dan sakitan tidak apa apa. Anda akan membantu pertumbuhan ekonomi. Demi kesejahteraan industri rokok kita diminta terus merokok. Jangan risaukan sakit dan sakit sakitan, anda pahlawan ekonomi.

Lucu ya? Semoga anda tidak mau menjadi pahlawan ekonomi seperti ini. Kasihanilah diri anda sendiri, pasangan anda, keluarga anda, dan masyarakat Indonesia.

Yuk, kita semua mengikuti gaya hidup sehat. Demi kesejahteraan kita semua. Selain itu, ada bonusnya. Kalau kita sehat, ekonomi akan tumbuh dengan berkelanjutan. Kalau kita sakit sakitan,  kita akan mengalami bencana demografi. Produktifitas turun drastis dan ekonomi juga akan berantakan.

Salam hidup sehat.











Filed under: Bahasa Indonesia, Demography, economy, Uncategorized, , ,

Hak Pejalan Kaki


13 Juli 2016

Pembaca yang budiman,

Barusan saya membaca berita, pemerintah DKI hendak mengembalikan hak pejalan kaki dan penyandang disabilitas. Selama ini, pejalan kaki tidak mempunyai hak berjalan sama sekali. Bukan hanya di Jakarta, di kota kecil pun demikian. Bahkan di lorong lorong kecil, sepeda motor telah merampas hak orang untuk berjalan kaki.

Semoga rencana pemerintah DKI berjalan dengan lancar. Orang dapat berjalan kaki. Jalan kaki  murah, menyehatkan, tidak mengotori lingkungan dengan hemat energi. Silakan baca berita berikut ini. Click di sini.


Mari kita dukung program ini.







Filed under: Uncategorized

Statistics on Ethnicity in the Land of Papua, Indonesia

11 July 2016

Dear readers,

This is a just published paper on ethnicity in Indonesia, Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, 27 June 2016.  doi: 10.1002/app5.143.




This paper aims to quantitatively uncover ethnic diversity in multi-ethnic Land of Papua, an Indonesian region with a large inflow of migration and rising ethno-based movement, consisting of the Provinces of Papua and West Papua. It produces statistics on ethnic diversity in the Land of Papua, utilizing the tabulation provided by Statistics-Indonesia based on the raw, 100 per cent, data set of the 2010 population census. It uses three measurements of ethnic diversity. First is ethnic fractionalization index, showing the degree of ethnic heterogeneity. Second is ethnic polarization index, examining the existence of few relatively large ethnic groups of almost the samesizes.Third is a comparison of percentages between migrant and Papuan groups. It finds that the Land of Papua is ethnically very heterogeneous, but not polarized. West Papua is more heterogeneous, but Papua is more polarized. However, seen from a dichotomy between migrants and Papuans, West Papua is very polarized. In-migration may have increased the probability of having ethnic conflicts in the region but does not change the probability of the intensity of the conflicts. Therefore, ethnic conflicts should be anticipated whenever making programmes that involve in-migrants or entice people to migrate into the Land of Papua.


Dowload here for the full paper of Statistics on Ethnicity in the Land of Papua.

Filed under: Demography, English, Ethnic Diversity, Indonesia, Statistics, , , ,

Just Published. “Population of SIJORI”

14 June 2016

Dear Readers,

I just have a new publication, on the demography of SIJORI (Singapore – Johor – Province of Riau Island), entitled “The Population of the SIJORI Cross-Bordern Region”. It is Chapter 2 in The SIJORI Cross-Border Regions: Trans national Political, Economics, and Culture. Edited by Francis E. Hutchinson and Terence Chong. Singapore: ISEAS – Yushof Ishak Institute, 2016.

More details are referred to here.

Best regards,

Aris Ananta



Filed under: Demography, English, Kepulauan Riau, Johor, Singapore, migration, statistics

New Article on Ethnicity

Dear Readers,

As we continue working on ethnicity in Indonesia, we have just published a journal article, “Declining Dominance of an Ethnic Group in a Large Multi-Ethnic Developing Country: the Case of the Javanese in Indonesia”, Population Review, volume 55, number 1, 2016, pp. 1-26, written by Aris Ananta, Dwi Retno Wilujeng Wahyu Utama, and Ari Purbowati.

Here is the abstract
Indonesia is undergoing a third demographic transition that features changes in ethnic composition.  We examine quantitatively the extent and change of dominance of the Javanese, who have experienced below replacement fertility.  As used herein, an ethnic group is said to be dominant if it is the largest ethnic group and its percentage is at least twice the percentage of the second largest ethnic group. The Javanese are the largest, most ubiquitous and politically important ethnic group in Indonesia. This quantitative analysis addresses the ethnic dominance and cultural hegemony literature. We question the ubiquity of the Javanese – who represent the process of Javanization – because Indonesia’s Javanese character/culture may be eroding. We find that among the Javanese living outside their three home provinces, the percentage of those who speak Javanese daily at home is very low.  These Javanese may have adapted to local conditions. We also find that the Javanese are not always the dominant or even the largest ethnic group. In most of the districts, they comprise a very small minority ethnic group.

An important finding is that the “third demographic transition” has been and continues to be occurring in Indonesia, a large developing country. Our findings expand the original concept of what constitutes a third demographic transition, which has been applied previously only to developed countries. We conclude that the Javanese are still dominant, but their dominance has declined, and that a third demographic transition is taking place in Indonesia.

Filed under: Demography, English, Ethnic Diversity, Indonesia, Statistics, Ethnicity, Large Population, statistics, , ,

New Publication on Ageing

Dear Readers,

We have just published “The Past Three Population Censuses: A Deepening Ageing Population in Indonesia”. In Contemporary Demographic Transformation in China, India and Indonesia. Edited by Christophe Z. Guilmoto and Gavin W. Jones.  New York: Springer, 2016.

About the Chapter

This chapter highlights a deepening ageing population in Indonesia between 1990 and 2010, a period witnessing a political change from an authoritarian regime to a democratizing one. This transition brought a drastic shift in population policy, with a much weaker family planning programmes than during the authoritarian regime. Our assessment from the latest 2010 census suggests that the proportion of population aged 60 year and above was 7.6 percent in 2010, rising from 6.3 per cent in 1990; while the number increased to 18.0 million from 11.3 million. The growth rate of older persons for this period is well above the rate of the general population, 4.7 percent vs 2.9 percent annually.

This chapter also shows a large variation in the age structure of the sub-national population. The structure at the national level remains heavily affected by changes in fertility and mortality only. However, changes at sub-national levels, particularly district level, have also been determined by migration.

The latest census also depicts a significant improvement in educational attainment of older persons, as those without schooling decreased to 31.6 percent from 58.5 percent in 1990. At the same period, participation of the elderly in the labour market rose from 48.1 percent to 51.2 percent in the same period. Furthermore, working as self-employed in the agricultural sector remains to be the main source of financial well-being for the older persons.

Filed under: ageing, Demography, English, Uncategorized, , , , , ,

New Publication on Ethnicity

Dear Readers,

As a continuation of Demography of Indonesia’s Ethnicity, we have published

Quantifying Indonesia’s  Ethnic Diversity. Statistics at National, Provincial, and District Levels.” Asian Population Studies, Volume 11, Issue 3, 2015. Written by Evi Nurvidya Arifin, Aris Ananta, Dwi Retno Wilujeng Wahyu Utami, Nur Budi Handayani, and Agus Pramono.

Here is the abstract

Ethnicity used to be a political taboo in Indonesia, a country with more than 600 ethnic groups, but this has changed since the advent of the Reform era (1998). The government of Indonesia (through Statistics-Indonesia) included a question on ethnicity in its 2000 population census, and continued in the 2010 census. This paper produces the first estimates of ethnic diversity at the national, provincial, and district levels using tabulations provided by Statistics-Indonesia based on the full enumeration data set of the 2010 Indonesia Population Census. It analyzes three measurements of ethnic diversity: the percentage of the largest ethnic group, Ethnic Fractionalization Index (EFI), and Ethnic Polarization Index (EPOI). This paper provides a quantitative start for further studies to link ethnic diversity with many social, economic, and political variables, including studies on the dynamics of ethnic diversity. We conclude that Indonesia is relatively ethnically fractionalized, though not as polarized. Among provinces and districts, we have seen a continuum ranging from ethnically homogeneous to heterogeneous, from the least fractionalized to the most fractionalized, and from the least polarized to the most polarized province or district. Variation in ethnic diversity is also seen across islands although provinces and districts in the Island of Java are more likely to be homogeneous, less fractionalized and less polarized than provinces and districts outside Java Island.

Filed under: Demography, English, Ethnicity, statistics, ,

This site contains the writings of Aris Ananta & Evi Nurvidya Arifin. Click here to find out more about them.

We are researchers in the field of demography, social and economic statistics, and economics, focusing on Indonesia and Southeast Asia. Click here to find out more about OUR PUBLICATION .<br

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